Tragic separation of occupied Kashmir

India and Pakistan came into being in mid-August 1947 when the British colonial rule was rolled back in South Asian sub-continent. For the creation of India and Pakistan as sovereign states, a partition plan was devised based on the principle of two-nation theory, which envisaged that there are two nations in the sub-continent, Hindus and Muslims. According to this plan the Hindu majority areas had to form part of India and those with Muslim majority to constitute Pakistan.
Jammu and Kashmir being overwhelmingly Muslim majority princely state should have automatically become part of Pakistan. However, the British-Hindu conspiracy to deprive Pakistan of Jammu and Kashmir manipulated the award of the Boundary commission. Thus the Muslim majority district of Gurdaspure was so divided as to provide road access to Indian armed forces to invade Jammu and Kashmir on October 27, 1947 in violation of the partition plan and quite contrary to the two-nation theory. The Kashmir issue thus stems from the unfinished agenda of the partition process.
Smelling the conspiracy, Kashmiri people revolted against the Dogra ruler of the state, who was bent on handing over Jammu and Kashmir to India against the will of Kashmiris. The struggling Kashmiris liberated some areas; now well known as Azad Kashmir. Since then a major part of Kashmir state remains under illegal military occupation of India.
Occupied Jammu and Kashmir is bounded to the south by India, cut off from other parts of Jammu and Kashmir by Line of Control in north and west and is bounded to Pakistan in southwest. The state is divided into three segments, Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. Kashmir has the maximum population at 53%, Jammu has 45%, while Ladakh is rather thinly inhabited, due to obvious geographical constraints. With total area of 139,000 square kilometers i.e. 53,700 square miles, the population of occupied land stands at 10,069,917 against estimated 77,18,700 population of 1991. The occupied state comprises 14 districts having 59 tehsils, 54 towns and notified area committee, 6477 inhabited villages and 281 uninhabited villages. Occupied Jammu and Kashmir is divided into three divisions:
• Kashmir Valley
• Jammu Region
• Ladakh